Human Development

"Week of the Arctic" Focused on the Way Forward

The “Week of the Arctic” in Fairbanks, Alaska, May 8-14, 2017, highlighted the United States as an Arctic nation and culminated in the historic handover of the Arctic Council Chairmanship from the U.S. to Finland. Opening the week, Dartmouth and the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) hosted a daylong workshop, sponsored by the Association of International Education Administrators (AIEA), to emphasize the importance of the Arctic in research and education exchanges. The launch of the second Fulbright Arctic Initiative program, once again co-led by Dartmouth and UAF, was also announced publicly for the first time.

Dartmouth’s Melody Brown Burkins, Ph.D., Associate Director for Programs and Research at the Dickey Center for International Understanding, welcomed workshop participants and spoke about how the Arctic offered opportunities for increased scientific collaboration and student mobility as well as engagement in global issues of policy and diplomacy.

Tibetan and Himalayan Lifeworlds Exhibit

January 6, 2017

An exhibit providing a window onto the unique culture and environment of the ‘Roof of the World' opens today at the Baker-Berry Library. "Tibetan and Himalyan Lifeworlds" explores the social and religious practices that shape life in Asia’s high mountain environments, explores the political history of the region, and describes some of the encounters between foreigners and Himalayan and Tibetan people over time. The exhibit has been curated by Senior Lecturer Kenneth Bauer and Associate Professor Sienna Craig. Bauer also leads the Human Development initiative at the Dickey Center for International Understanding. 

Davis Projects For Peace

Deadline: January 15, 2018

The Davis Projects for Peace Program supports young people to create and test their own ideas for building peace. Dartmouth students are invited to design grassroots projects that they implement in the summer. The program has enabled Dartmouth students, individually and in teams, to undertake projects aimed at the promotion of peace around the world.

Human Development Fellowship

Dartmouth has a cadre of faculty, researchers, and students—not to mention our alumni—actively working in human development. But students need to develop the technical skills and gain professional experiences in order to work in development internationally. The Human Development Fellowship program helps a select group of Dartmouth’s top students to build these analytical competencies and train for impactful work in development.

Building Access to Clean Drinking Water

During the summer of 2017, David Ouma '20 interned with Jibu Company in Uganda, Rwanda, and Kenya. Jibu is a company that builds a network of locally owned franchises that enhance access to clean drinking water within communities. David worked with the corporate and engineering/tech teams.

by David Ouma ’20, Class of 1966 Named Intern

I spent the first part of my internship in Kampala, Uganda, where Jibu Company is quite established and has a big market presence. While there I was trained by the in-country Jibu engineer on the ultra-filtration equipment used by the franchises. During the training, I spent a considerable amount of time studying the water purification process, the chemicals used and how to assemble a model of the machine they were using.

While in Kampala, the company housed me and I lived with another employee, an American who would become a friend and a guide as I traversed the city. The company was using a franchise business model—all the equipment was owned by the corporate company—so they had to run maintenance.

Undergraduate Saves Lives With Her Nonprofit, SOAP

September 27, 2017  |  Dartmouth News

by Charlotte Albright

Hand washing saves lives. That’s why Sydney Kamen ’19 founded a nonprofit organization that recycles used soap from hotels and distributes it to under-resourced communities around the world.

Her advocacy work has won accolades, including the 2017 Tikkun Olam (Repairing the World) Award from the Helen Diller Family Foundation, the Prudential Spirit of Community Award, the Daily Point of Light Award, and the Robert Sheppard Leadership Award. Her work has also come to the attention of People magazine, in an article and video interview.

Kamen says she’s grateful for the public attention, but wants the spotlight to be on the problem she is trying to solve. “Over 1.8 million children die every year from diarrhea,” she says. “But mortality from infectious diseases can be cut in half through handwashing and by improving basic hygiene.”

Believing in the Power of People

by Milan Chuttani ’18

During the fall of 2016, Milan Chuttani '18 interned with the International Rescue Committee in Baltimore, Maryland. Names have been modified to preserve the anonymity of IRC clients.

I have always been passionate in making people feel welcome in communities I care about. As a student of international relations, I am also fascinated by the consequences of wars, politics, and rivalries between world powers. Interning with the Asylee Case Management team at the International Rescue Committee resettlement office in Baltimore provided me the unique ability to combine both of these interests, to work with people fleeing war and persecution from around the world, and to welcome them into their new American communities.

Assistant Professor of Geography

As a political ecologist trained in geography's nature-society tradition, I seek to explain relationships between the material world (microbes, crops, and economies) and the way people understand that world (as mitigated through institutions, culture, and experience).  In particular, I research the interactions among local people and government or development workers, as well as between people and non-human actors like crops, nutrients, and witchcraft. This approach reveals that by paying attention to, for example, the addition of beetroot to gardens and cooking pots, the abandonment of long-standing healing rituals, and the failure of anti-tuberculosis campaigns, we can understand how local people and places shape state and international development initiatives.  In my research, I use a mix of methods including oral history collection, ethnography, household surveys, focus groups, participatory GIS, and archival research to understand local thinking and practices.  To understand non-human actors, I use epidemiological and ecological data and scientific work (with a critical eye to the social production of that work).

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My current work breaks down into two main areas.  First, in a series of co- and single-authored articles, I lay out a political ecology of health empirically, theoretically, and methodologically.  So doing, I reveal how local people and the interactions of microbes inside of their bodies challenge global health care protocols and the multinational funders that support them.  To do this work, I call for a Marxist-feminist approach, which shows how uneven global political-economic processes manifest in bodies which are embedded in local social and cultural contexts.  Methodologically, I argue that a political ecology of health requires a place-based approach that uses a mix of methods from qualitative and quantitative toolkits, which includes ethnography to situate research in the lived experience and knowledge of patients, family members, and health care workers. This series of articles draws from and adds to the work of political ecologists, critical medical anthropologists, and African Studies scholars.

Second, my book manuscript in progress, Witchcraft and Wellness: Agency and Change in Twentieth-Century South Africa, explores questions of agency – who and what causes change – in the context of two state development interventions – in health and in agricultural planning – in mid-twentieth-century Pholela, South Africa.  Based on two years of research, Witchcraft and Wellness focuses on the evolution of local understandings about health and environment by examining the knowledge of both residents and the health and agricultural experts who came to Pholela. So doing, it employs an expansive framework for health which reveals that vitamins, pathogens, witchcraft, and ancestors all play a role in illness and wellness in Pholela. I argue that using a local framework illuminates how new explanations of disease transmission and the forced removal of a homestead can lead to changes in local livelihoods and healing practices. Take the example of tuberculosis, which first arrived in the lungs of men returning to Pholela from work in the cities.  For the health center's staff, a bacterium causes tuberculosis.  Passed through inhalation or ingestion, TB causes a terrible cough, night sweats, and weight loss; if untreated, it often leads to death.  For health center doctors, these symptoms unambiguously indicated tuberculosis.  For Pholela's residents, however, they could indicate a couple of different illnesses (including TB), caused by different things, including microbes and witchcraft.  For residents, these symptoms could just as easily be caused by a witchcraft-related illness called idliso, contracted when a person mistakenly ingested an umuthi (a potion or medicine) sent by an umthakathi (a person who sends witchcraft).  In order to understand this and other examples, Witchcraft and Wellness poses the question: What could we learn if we understood that both microbes and witchcraft make people sick? On a theoretical level, this forces us to think differently about what causes illness and change more broadly (agency).  On a practical level, exploring how witchcraft causes illness changes the way we think about health programs in places like Pholela and sub-Saharan Africa more generally.  African and Agrarian Studies scholars have written much about human agency, especially in circumstances where Africans interact with colonial, state, or development officials.  Geographers have explored the role of non-human (animal, plant, microbe) agency in shaping life and change.  While the work of both of these groups is enlightening, the very localized phenomenon of witchcraft sits uneasily between the two poles of human and non-human agency. I contend, therefore, that interrogating the role of witchcraft in the evolution of thinking reveals that change is always the result human and non-human actors; it is always simultaneously material and symbolic.

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Fairchild 121
African and African American Studies
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
A.B. Princeton University
M.Sc. Oxford University
Ph.D. University of Wisconsin

Selected Publications

2015: "Internal Ecologies and the Limits of Local Biologies: A Political Ecology of Tuberculosis in the Time of AIDS," Abigail H. Neely. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 105, no. 4: 791-805.

2015: "Relationship and Research Methods: Entanglements, Intra-Action, and Diffraction," Abigail H. Neely and Thokozile Nguse. In Gavin Bridge, Tom Perreault, and James McCarthy, eds., Handbook of Political Ecology. Routledge: 140-9.

2014: "Triangulating Health: Toward a Political Ecology of Health," Paul Jackson and Abigail H. Neely. Progress in Human Geography, published online 31 March 2014.

2010: "'Blame it on the Weeds': Politics, Poverty, and Ecology in the New South Africa," Abigail H. Neely. Journal of Southern African Studies 36, no. 4: 869-887.

Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies
Faculty member in Ecology, Evolution, Ecosystems & Society (EEES) PhD program

Michael Cox is an environmental social scientist who studies community-based natural resource management as well as path dependence and technological transitions in agricultural systems. He has conducted empirical fieldwork-based analyses of irrigation systems in the Southwest United States, Peru and Kenya. His current empirical work is focused on community-based fisheries and rice farming systems in the Dominican Republic. For the past several years he has led a synthetic project on social-ecological governance, the details of which can be found at Before coming to Dartmouth, he worked under Lin Ostrom at Indiana University's Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis.

Personal Website Twitter LinkedIn
105 Fairchild
Environmental Studies
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
B.A. Colby College
Ph.D. Indiana University

Selected Publications

Cox, M. 2014. Applying a social-ecological system framework to the study of the Taos acequia irrigation system. Human Ecology 42(2): 311-324.

Cox, M. 2014. Modern disturbances to a long-lasting community-based resource management system: the Taos Valley acequias. Global Environmental Change 24: 213-222.

Cox, M., Villamayor-Tomas, S. and Hartberg, Y. 2014. The role of religion in community-based natural resource management. World Development 54: 46-55.

Sloan-Wilson, D., E. Ostrom and M. Cox. 2013. Generalizing the core design principles for the efficacy of groups. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 905: 521-532.

Cox, M.,  s. Mincey, T. Ruseva, S. Villamayor-Tomas and B. Fischer. 2013. Evaluating the USFS State & Private Forestry Redesign: A first look at policy implications. Ecological Economics 85: 35-42.

Schoon, M. and M. Cox. 2012. Understanding disturbances and responses in social-ecological systems. Society and Natural Resources 25(2): 141-155.

Cox, M. 2011. Advancing the diagnostic analysis of environmental problems. International Journal of the Commons 5(2): 346-363.

Cox, M. and Ross, J. 2011. Robustness and vulnerability of community irrigation systems: the case of the Taos valley acequias. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 61(3): 254-266.

Cox, M., Arnold, G. and Villamayor Tomás, S. 2010. A review of design principles for community-based natural resource management. Ecology and Society 15(4): [online], .

Ostrom, E. and Cox, M. 2010. Moving beyond panaceas: an interdisciplinary approach to the study of social-ecological systems. Environmental Conservation 37(4): 451-463.

Cox, M. 2008. Balancing accuracy and meaning in common-pool resource theory. Ecology and Society 13(2): [online],

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Works in Progress

Field-based analyses of farmer adaptations to drought conditions in semi-arid regions in New Mexico, Colorado, and Kenya; Synthetic meta-analysis of large-scale environmental governance; Analysis of sustainability in traditional and government-sponsored irrigation systems in Spain.

The Class of 1925 Professorship, Dartmouth College
Professor of Sociology, Dartmouth College
Chair, Department of Sociology, Dartmouth College
Visiting Professor of Political Economy, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

John Campbell's research interests span economic and political sociology, comparative political economy, and institutional theory.  He has written about energy and tax policy, the evolution of the U.S. economy, transformations of post-communist societies in Eastern Europe, corporate social responsibility, globalization, the role of ideas and experts in policymaking, and the 2008 financial crisis.  The thread connecting all of this is his interest in how institutions affect national political economies and how they change.  His recent books are The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany and Denmark (Princeton University Press, 2014), which is about how policy research and advising is conducted in different countries; The World of States (Bloomsbury Press, 2015), which is about how nation-states in different parts of the world have responded to globalization and other changes in the international political economy; and The Paradox of Vulnerability: States, Nationalism and the Financial Crisis (Princeton University Press, 2017), which is about how small countries responded to the 2008 financial crisis.  His newest book is about the rise of Donald Trump to the presidency entitled American Discontent: The Rise of Donald Trump and Decline of the Golden Age (Oxford University Press, 2018).

Curriculum Vitae
123 Silsby Hall
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
Ph.D. University of Wisconsin at Madison
M.A. Michigan State University
B.A. St. Lawrence University

Selected Publications


Campbell, John L.  2018.  American Discontent: The Rise of Donald Trump and Decline of the Golden Age.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall.  2017.  The Paradox of Vulnerability: States, Nationalism and the Financial Crisis.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall.  2015.  The World of StatesLondon: Bloomsbury Press.

Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen. 2014. The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany and Denmark. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Morgan, Glenn, John L. Campbell, Colin Crouch, Ove K. Pedersen, and Richard Whitley, editors. 2010. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis. New York:  Oxford University Press.

Campbell, John L., John A. Hall, Ove K. Pedersen, editors.  2006.  National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism: The Danish ExperienceMontreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Campbell, John L.  2004.  Institutional Change and GlobalizationPrinceton:  Princeton University Press.

Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen, editors.  2001.  The Rise of Neoliberalism and Institutional AnalysisPrinceton: Princeton University Press.


Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen.  2015.  "Policy Ideas, Knowledge Regimes and Comparative Political Economy."  Socio-Economic Review  13(4)679-702.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall.  2015.  "The World of States."  The World Financial Review March/April pp. 8-11.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall.  2015.  "Small States, Nationalism and Institutional Capacities: An Explanation of the Difference in Response of Ireland and Denmark to the Financial Crisis."  European Journal of Sociology  56(1)143-174.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall.  2015.  "The Economic Consequences of the Size of Nations: Denmark in Comparative Perspective."  In Building the Nation: Nikolai Grundtvig and Danaish National Identity, edited by John A. Hall, Ove Korsgaard and Ove K. Pedersen.  Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Campbell,  John L. and Ove K. Pedersen.  2015.  "Making Sense of Economic Uncertainty: Knowledge Regimes in the United States and Denmark."  Pp. 22-40 in Sources of National Institutional Competitiveness: Sense Making and Institutional Change, edited by Susana Borras and Leonard Seabrooke.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, John L. and Ove. K. Pedersen.  2014.  "The National Origins of Policy Ideas."  The World Financial Review July/August, pp. 26-28.

Campbell, John L., Charles Quincy, Jordan Osserman and Ove K. Pedersen.  2013.  "Coding In-Depth Semi-Structured Interviews: Problems of Unitization and Inter-Coder Reliability and Agreement."  Sociological Methods and Research 42 (3)294-320.

Patsiurko, Natalka, John L. Campbell and John A. Hall. 2013. "Nation-State Size, Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance in the Advanced Capitalist Countries." New Political Economy  18(6)827-844.

Patsiurko, Natalka, John L. Campbell and John A. Hall. 2012. "Measuring Cultural Diversity: Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization in the OECD." Ethnic and Racial Studies 35(2)195-217.

Campbell, John L. 2011. "The U.S. Financial Crisis: Lessons for Theories of Institutional Complementarity." Socio-Economic Review 9:211-34.

Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pederson. 2011. "Knowledge Regimes and Comparative Political Economy." Pp 167-90 in Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, edited by Daniel Béland and Robert Cox. New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, John L. 2010. "Neoliberalism in Crisis: Regulatory Roots of the U.S. Financial Meltdown." Research in the Sociology of Organizations 30B:65-101.

Campbell, John L. 2010. "Institutional Reproduction and Change." Pp. 87-115 in Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis, edited by Glenn Morgan, John L. Campbell, Colin Crouch, Ove K. Pedersen, and Richard Whitley. New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall. 2010. "Defending the Gellnerian Premise: Denmark in Historical and Comparative Context." Nations and Nationalism 16(1)89-107.

Campbell, John L. 2010.  "Neoliberalism's Penal and Debtor States: A Rejoinder to Löic Wacquant."  Theoretical Criminology 14(1)59-73.

Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall. 2009. "National Identity and the Political Economy of Small States." Review of International Political Economy 16(4)547-572.

Campbell, John L. 2009. "What Do Sociologists Bring to International Political Economy?" Pp. 260-73 in Routledge Handbook of International Political Economy, edited by Mark Blyth. London: Routledge.

Campbell, John L. 2009. "A Renaissance for Fiscal Sociology?" Pp. 256-65 in The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective, edited by Issac Martin, Ajay Mehrotra and Monica Prasad. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen.  2007.  “The Varieties of Capitalism and Hybrid Success: Denmark in the Global Economy.” Comparative Political Studies 40(2)307-32.

Campbell, John L.  2007.  “Why Would Corporations Behave in Socially Responsible Ways?  An Institutional Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility.” Academy of Management Review 32(3)946-67.

Campbell, John L.  2005.  “Where Do We Stand?  Common Mechanisms in Organizations and Social Movements Research.” Pp. 41-68 in Social Movements and Organization Theory, edited by Gerald F. Davis, Doug McAdam, W. Richard Scott, and Mayer N. Zald.  New York: Cambridge University Press.

Campbell, John L.  2005.  “Fiscal Sociology in an Age of Globalization: Comparing Tax Regimes in Advanced Capitalist Countries.” Pp. 391-418 in The Economic Sociology of Capitalism, edited by Victor Nee and Richard Swedberg.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Campbell, John L.  2003.  “States, Politics and Globalization: Why Institutions Still Matter.” Pp. 234-59 in The Nation-State in Question, edited by T.V. Paul, G. John Ikenberry and John A. Hall.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Campbell, John L.  2002.  “Ideas, Politics and Public Policy.” Annual Review of Sociology 28:21-38.

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Works in Progress

Why Markets Fail: States, Classes and Nations

The 2008 financial crisis made it abundantly clear that capitalist markets can fail badly.  Economists as far back as Adam Smith recognized this and tried to explain why they fail.  But these lessons have often been lost on economists today who believe that markets operate best if left to their own devices so that the "invisible hand" can work its magic.  This project returns to the classical economists, including Smith, List, Polanyi, Schumpeter, Hirschman and others to refresh our memories of the social conditions under which markets succeed or fail.  It also shows how contemporary studies of capitalism have proven them to be right!  Too much inequality, not enough state oversight, overly self-interested elites, and insufficient national solidarity are among the problems that wreck markets.

American Discontent: The Rise of Donald Trump and Decline of the Golden Age

How did someone with no political experience and who never ran for public office suddenly become President of the United States?  This project answers that question.  Donald Trump's rise to power was just the tip of a deep political-economic iceberg involving slowly developing trends since the 1970s in the economy, race relations, ideology and politics that reached a tipping point, and that was suddenly pushed over the edge by the 2008 financial crisis, Barack Obama's election as President, and his moves to manage the crisis and reform the health care system.  The project also examines how this compares to populist resurgence in Europe, and how it will change the face of American politics and U.S. hegemony in the future.  Results will appear in American Discontent: The Rise of Donald Trump and Decline of the Golden Age (Oxford University Press, 2018).


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The John Sloan Dickey Center